Minneriya National Park – Ethical elephant attractions in Sri Lanka

adolescent male elephants tussling Minneriya national park

Sure, Sri Lanka has endless beaches, a rich ancient culture, a cuisine that borders on the addictive and some of the loveliest people you’re ever likely to meet, but it also has elephants. Loads of them. So, when my British-based BFF agrees to meet me in Sri Lanka for a week of gin-infused cultural adventure, a rendezvous with the colossal critters goes straight to the top of our to do list.

There are so many incredible wildlife experiences in Sri Lanka and though invited to partake in the offerings of a popular elephant “orphanage” that’s big with those folks more interested in a killer selfie than actual elephant welfare, we choose to take our chances on spotting elephants in the wild.

Minneriya national park jeep safari Sri lanka

There are three major national parks in the country that are home to substantial elephant herds, but given our route through the North Central Province of Sri Lanka, it is Minneriya National Park that calls us. Dominated by the Minneriya Wewa, a reservoir built in the 3rd Century, the 90-square-kilometre Minneriya National Park boasts uniquely diverse natural ecosystems, with forest, bamboo stands, scrub, and wetlands providing shelter for macaques, deer, leopards and several hundred wild Asian elephants.

Our private guide for the week, Dilan from Sri Lankan travel experts, Beyond Travel, advises that it is best for us visit the park late in the afternoon as this is when the elephants head to the water hole.  Dilan is a very wise man. Not only does Minneriya National Park prove to be uncrowded at this time (we see only three other safari vehicles during the entire three hours we explore the park) but we spot our first elephant before we even enter the park: a great beast of a bloke ambling drunkenly down the road beside us as we near Minneriya, obviously on his way home from the elephant equivalent of a boozy lunch.

Elephant on the roadside between Polonnaruwa and Minneriya national park Sri Lanka

A safari vehicle and driver is waiting for us and we charge off into the jungle, an eagle-eyed Dilan pointing out macaques, spotted deer, peacocks and flocks of rare birds as we jiggle and bounce along the rough dusty tracks that cut through the jungle.

An Indian Roller in Minneriya national park, Sri Lanka

We’re so excited by all the wildlife we almost forget what we’re actually here for until we happen upon the utterly enchanting sight of six adolescent male elephants taking their daily bath.

Wild elephants at play in Minneriya national park, Sri Lanka

Stopping the jeep at a respectful distance, the elephants pause to size us up but, with a happy honk of approval, they are quickly back to the business of frolicking and rumbling in the water.

Adolescent elephants bathing at Minneriya national park Sri Lanka

One particularly cheeky elephant pushes his unsuspecting pal into the water, then runs around with a huge triumphant grin. These dudes are hilarious.

Young elephants playing at Minneriya national park

The perky pachyderms, like humans, enjoy rich and complex social lives but it would also appear they rock a sense of humour not dissimilar to that of the average human teenage boy. So much so that when one plonks its gargantuan backside on another with shameless glee, I half expect it to tell us a fart joke.

Young male elephant relaxing by the water Minneriya national park Sri Lanka

As we watch them joyfully interacting, I think of all the times I’ve heard people excuse themselves for supporting more exploitive elephant attractions. You know, those folks who justify their actions by declaring how happy the elephants look, chained though they are into riverbeds or piled high with a hefty load of human and driven with a jab in the arse by a metal spike. Not to mention all that awesome fun the perky pachyderms enjoy whilst being socially isolated, dominated and systemically abused like participants in a plus-size reenactment of 50 Shades of Grey.

But here in Minneriya National Park we are witnessing what a bunch of truly happy elephants looks like, free from restraints to roam as they please, in the wild, where they belong.

Three elephants strolling in Minneriya national park

The difference in their demeanour is startling. Unlike their captive cousins, none of these highly intelligent, complex creatures has had to endure the ‘crush’. This is the process that involves young elephants being imprisoned in a small cage, rendered immobile with ropes, beaten, poked with sharp objects, starved and deprived of sleep until they are ‘broken’ enough for tourists to ride or safely get within a metre of without being trampled to death.

No matter how cleverly you want to market these tourist traps or how contented you think the elephants look, any attraction where you can ride, hug, feed or snap a selfie with a wild animal is not a place where happy elephants reside, and you can almost guarantee they’ve been broken. I’ll hop off my soap box now.

Wild elephants at play in Minneriya national park, Sri Lanka

After spending almost an hour engrossed in the whacky antics of the gorgeous boys, we slowly drive off in search of more of Minneriya National Park’s elephant population and soon spy another small cluster of elephants, these ones a little closer to the road.

wild elephant in Minneriya national park

Judging by the dancing trunk-like appendage that springs out from between the legs of the closest male, he’s quite happy to see us. Seriously, this bad boy has a pecker the size of a baby whale… and it is waving hello with great enthusiasm.

Aroused male elephant in Sri Lanka

In fact, I think the flirty ‘phant may be winking at me.

Before he starts humming Marvin Gaye through his other twirling trumpet, we decide to bid a hasty adieu, because I for one don’t want to be on the other end of 3-tonnes of pervy pachyderm.

We drive further into the park in search of a few less excitable elephants and come across a largish group of females with a new born baby, still wobbly on its feet.

mother and baby elephant in Minneriya national park i

My BFF and I are missing our own babies and, though quietly thanking our lucky stars none of them weighed in at 120 kgs at birth, our hearts explode into maternal mush.

While we remain at a discreet distance, the ladies of this herd protectively surround the baby and one trumpets angrily in our direction, clearly telling us to move on. This pair of human mums, in complete sorority with our gargantuan sisters, requests our driver to do just that and leaves them to bond with their babe in peace and privacy.

Minneriya national park

500-metres later we are rewarded with the sight of another larger group of around 30 elephants. These ones are neither on the make or nursing, so once again we stop to quietly observe the complex interrelationships, displays of friendship and familial affection between the animals. We are spellbound.

Painted stork in Minneriya national park, Sri Lanka

By the time we roll out of Minneriya National Park, we’ve sighted an incredible amount of wildlife and birdlife along with almost 100 wild and happy elephants doing what elephants are meant to do, exactly where they’re meant to be doing it.

Safari jeep in Minneriya national park, Sri Lanka

Every moment has been an emotion-charged, unforgettable privilege and we leave filled with enormous gratitude, not only to those people who have had the foresight to protect these incredible animals, but to our super safari driver and gorgeous guide Dilan for sharing them with us.

Addendum: Though travel in Sri Lanka is generally safe, recent events mean it is best to check with Smart Traveller for the most up to date advice. 



When to visit 
If you are planning to visit the west coast, south coast or hill country, the weather is most agreeable from December to March. East coast weather is best from April to September.
Sinhala and Tamil are the two official languages of Sri Lanka
Sri Lankan Rupee
Standard 220V – 240V voltage. Power outlets are 3 pin and require a type D adapter.
Visa & Passport Requirements
A 30-day tourist visa is required for all visitors entering Sri Lanka. You can get a short stay visa online at Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) here. Visitors also require a passport valid for at least six (6) months.
Mosquito borne diseases are a risk in Sri Lanka, with all regions of Sri Lanka experiencing outbreaks of dengue fever. When travelling with children prevention is best so apply child-safe insect repellent (with no more 20% DEET) as recommended and ensure they are dressed in long (but lightweight) clothing at all times. There are no essential vaccinations for travellers to Sri Lanka but we advise visiting your family GP a minimum of six weeks before travel for up to date advice on immunisations.
Food Safety
Nix tap water, raw foods and food stalls with dubious hygiene standards, and avoid tummy troubles by following our safe eating mantra of “cook it, peel it or forget it.

Disclosure: Our Sri Lanka adventure was trip was independently organised and paid for.

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Hey, I’m Aleney! A mum, award-winning travel writer, magazine editor and gallivanting glutton. He’s Raff, the “boy” in boyeatsworld, and a fearless foodie, adventurer and eco-warrior. Along with his all-singing, all-dancing, all-adventurous sister, Sugarpuff, we’re exploring the world’s colour, culture and cuisine on a food safari for the junior set.

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